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Welcome to Mallorca, the incredibly beautiful are its paradisiacal beaches in Mallorca! With its beautiful turquoise blue waters, unbeatable weather, and stunning mountains, it has something for everyone. Whether you are looking for an investment property with fantastic views or a holiday home to enjoy all year round, Mallorca is sure to have something to suit your needs. As one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe, this paradise offers an unrivaled variety of activities, from swimming and sailing to golfing or even horseback riding. In terms of real estate, you can find everything here from luxury beachfront villas and apartments to more affordable townhouses without compromising on quality. Come find out why Mallorca continues to be so popular with investors and tourists alike!
Majorca" redirects here. For other uses, see Majorca (disambiguation).

Flag of Mallorca
Mallorca Majorca is located in SpainMallorca MajorcaMallorca

Location in the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands
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Location Mediterranean
Archipelago Balearic Islands
Total islands 5
Major islands Balearic Islands
Area 3,640.11 km2 (1,405.45 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,436 m (4711 ft)
Highest point Puig Major
Province Balearic Islands
Capital and largest city Palma (pop. 416,065)
Demonym Majorcan, Mallorcan
Population 896,038[1] (2019)
Pop. density 246.16/km2 (637.55/sq mi)
Additional information
Anthem: La Balanguera
Mallorca,[a] or Majorca,[b][2][3] is the largest island of the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain, and the seventh largest island in the Mediterranean Sea.

The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983.[4] There are two small islands off the coast of Mallorca: Cabrera (southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma). The anthem of Mallorca is "La Balanguera".

Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca, Ibiza, and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from the Netherlands, Germany and the United Kingdom. The international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain; it was used by 28 million passengers in 2017, with use increasing every year since 2012.[5]

The name derives from Classical Latin insula maior, "larger island". Later, in Medieval Latin, this became Maiorca, "the larger one", in comparison to Menorca, "the smaller one". This was then hypercorrected to Mallorca by central Catalan scribes, which later came to be accepted as the standard spelling.[6]

Prehistoric settlements

Example of prehistoric talaiot in Mallorca

Archeological evidence indicates the presence of the porc negre (black pig) in pre-Roman settlements.[7]
The Balearic Islands were first colonised by humans during the 3rd millennium BC, around 2500–2300 BC from the Iberian Peninsula or southern France, by people associated with the Bell Beaker culture.[8][9] The arrival of humans resulted in the rapid extinction of the three species of terrestrial mammals native to Mallorca, the dwarf goat-antelope Myotragus balearicus, the giant dormouse Hypnomys morpheus, and the shrew Nesiotites hidalgo, all three of which had been continuously present on Mallorca for over 5 million years.[10] The island's prehistoric settlements are called talaiots or talayots. The people of the islands raised Bronze Age megaliths as part of their Talaiotic culture.[11] A non-exhaustive list of settlements is the following:

Capocorb Vell (Llucmajor municipality)
Necròpoli de Son Real (east of Can Picafort, Santa Margalida municipality)
Novetiforme Alemany (Magaluffa, Calvià, Miconio)
Poblat Talaiòtic de S'Illot (S'Illot, Sant Llorenç des Cardassar municipality)
Poblat Talaiòtic de Son Fornés (Montuïri municipality)
Sa Canova de Morell (road to Colònia de Sant Pere, Artà municipality)
Ses Païsses (Artà municipality)
Ses Talaies de Can Jordi (Santanyí municipality)
S'Hospitalet Vell (road to Cales de Mallorca, Manacor municipality)
Phoenicians, Romans, and Late Antiquity

Ruins of the Roman city of Pollentia
The Phoenicians, a seafaring people from the Levant, arrived around the eighth century BC and established numerous colonies.[12] The island eventually came under the control of Carthage in North Africa, which had become the principal Phoenician city. After the Second Punic War, Carthage lost all of its overseas possessions and the Romans took over.[citation needed]

The island was occupied by the Romans in 123 BC under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. It flourished under Roman rule, during which time the towns of Pollentia (Alcúdia), and Palmaria (Palma) were founded. In addition, the northern town of Bocchoris, dating back to pre-Roman times, was a federated city to Rome.[13] The local economy was largely driven by olive cultivation, viticulture, and salt mining. Mallorcan soldiers were valued within the Roman legions for their skill with the sling.[14]

In 427, Gunderic and the Vandals captured the island. Geiseric, son of Gunderic, governed Mallorca and used it as his base to loot and plunder settlements around the Mediterranean [15] until Roman rule was restored in 465.

Middle Ages
Late Antiquity and Early Middle Ages
In 534, Mallorca was recaptured by the Eastern Roman Empire, led by Apollinarius. Under Roman rule, Christianity thrived and numerous churches were built.

From 707, the island was increasingly attacked by Muslim raiders from North Africa. Recurrent invasions led the islanders to ask Charlemagne for help.[15]