Property for rent and sale Capdepera

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Capdepera is a Spanish town and municipality in the autonomous community of Islas Baleares . Located at the eastern end of the island of Majorca , in the Levante region . It has a very jagged relief that has numerous coves that are home to prominent tourist centers, such as Cala Rajada ( Cala Ratjada , in Catalan ), Cala Mesquida, Cañamel ( Canyamel ) and Fuente de la Cala ( Font de sa Cala ).

Prehistory in the municipality of Capdepera is well documented thanks to the existence of 41 archaeological sites, which date chronologically between the 10th and 2nd centuries BC . C., that is, between the pre-Talayotic and Talayotic periods.

Pre-Talayotic period: There are remains from this period, such as the artificial caves of Son Jaumell or the ship-shaped caves of Cañamel.
Talayotic period: There are towns like Sos Sastres, Son Barbassa, Puig de s'hort, Claper des Gegant or Son Favar (warriors from Son Favar).
Islam reaches Majorca and calls the entire Levante peninsula "Yartan District" . Thus, Artá , Son Servera and Capdepera formed this district.

The first written document in which the name "Cap de la pera" (Capdepera) appears as such is in the Book "Llibre dels Feyts", specifically in the chronicle that refers to the surrender of the Arabs of Menorca in Cap of the Pear In the Torre den Nunis, located inside the walls of the castle, the Treaty of Capdepera was signed between King Jaime I of Aragon and the bailiff of Menorca. According to this treaty, Menorca continued under Muslim power, but submitted to a state of submission with respect to Jaime I and his successors. In the distribution of the territory, the District of Yartan corresponded to the king who ceded the part of Capdepera to the Montsó and Nunis families.

In 1300 King Jaime II of Majorca promulgated the Ordinacions where he ordered the construction of twelve towns in Majorca . One of them was near the "Cap de la pedra" and became the walled enclosure of Capdepera. The purpose of the Castle, the construction of a walled enclosure next to the Miquel Nunis watchtower, was to bring together the entire population that lived scattered throughout the area. The construction of the walls was finished at the end of the 14th century .

A large part of the population of Capdepera was not in favor of leaving their land to live inside the fortification. For this reason, all the inhabitants were ordered to lock themselves up armed inside the compound at night to reinforce the defense. Initially, some fifty houses were built inside the fortification. King Sancho I of Mallorca gave a grant of 100 salaries to each family that settled in the castle. The town always depended administratively on Artá, since it did not exceed one hundred families.

Walls of Capdepera.
The church was enlarged during the 16th and 18th centuries and inside there is a carving of a Christ from the 14th or 15th century, and the Gothic -style image of the Virgen de la Esperanza, patron saint of Capdepera venerated since the 16th century .

As of 1715 , with the arrival of the Bourbons to the throne, the town is deprived of arms and a governor and a small group of "dragons" (professional soldiers) are appointed who were in charge of defending the place.

From 1820 , with the conquest of Algiers by the French, piracy and privateering ended and the strategic and defensive role of Capdepera changed: the military abandoned the fortress and the castle's inhabitants began to settle outside the enclosure in a few more houses. large and comfortable. At the end of the 18th century , there were only twenty-five inhabited houses left within the enclosure and the new population center that was outside the walls was already made up of more than two hundred houses.

In 1856 , through a public auction , the castle became the property of Josep Quint Zaforteza.

During the 19th century , a series of structural and economic changes took place in Gabellin society:

strong population growth
the territorial division between Artá ​​and Capdepera
In 1861 the lighthouse was built and in 1891 the parish of Cala Rajada.
There was an important economic growth due to the enormous port activity of Cala Rajada, the manufacture of hearts of palm and the exploitation of the marés ( sandstone ) quarries.
Emigration to Latin America begins , which was the origin of some local fortunes.
At the beginning of the 20th century , some of the richest owners in the region began to spend the summer in Cala Rajada.
All these changes imply many sociocultural and political innovations. In 1849 a parish church and a new town hall were built in the center of the new urban framework . These two buildings were the symbol of the independence of the town.

The aforementioned helped Bartomeu Alou to found the Evangelical Community and a primary school in 1879 . Protestantism entered with great force, especially among the less favored classes . Given this fact, the Catholic Church reacted immediately and in 1893 the Congregation of the Ligorinos was established, which created a dynamic competition .

In 1951 the works on the current Cala Rajada pier were completed and in the 1960s the arrival of mass tourism transformed the economic structure of the municipality , which would cause a large migratory flow of peninsular workers, which caused a very large population increase. important.

In 1983 the Capdepera City Council, being mayor D. Salvador Moll Vaquer and as a result of a long negotiation with 74 of the 75 heirs, recovered ownership of the castle.